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Baltusia

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Baltusia
Baltusia flag              Baltusia coa

            Flag                               Coat of Arms

Motto
Long live the People of Baltusia!
Anthem
Run to battle, men of Baltusia!
Baltusia map
Routes map of Baltusia
Capital                     Villita
Largest city            Villita
Languages             Luthorian
Denonym                Baltusian
Government           Presidential Republic
President      Samson Moriarty (Patriotic Party)
Majority Speaker      Gabby Kaur (Centrist Party)
Legislature             Congress
GDP                           
- Total                        2,830,960,252,478 BLD
- Per Capita               28,418 BLD
Area                          1,755,600 km²
Population               99,615,392
Currency                 Baltusian Dollar (BLD)
Drives on                 Right
Internet TLD            .bt


Baltusia is a democratic republic located in Northern Seleya. It borders Lodamun to the north, Kalistan to the east, Valruzia to the west and Gaduridos and Tukarali to the south.

EtymologyEdit

Baltusia has been known by a number of names, notably the 'Federal Republic of Baltusia' and the 'Workers Republic of Baltusia'. The exact origins of the name are not known exactly but it is likely to have emerged from a combination the native tribes who inhabited the area in antiquity and successive colonial regimes.

HistoryEdit

In 4159, Baltusia was successfully elected to Seat E on the Security Council. The resumption of the Vote Baltusia campaign was a result of worsening relations with Kalistan, the incumbent nation in Seat C.

GeographyEdit

Baltusia borders five other nations and is located in northern Seleya. It has a small area of coastline in the south-east.

Government and politicsEdit

Baltusia is a presidential republic, in which the role of the executive is fulfilled by the 'President and Commander-in-Chief', currently Stephen Trudeau of the Baltusian Republican Party. The President and Commander-in-Chief is both the official Head of State and the Head of Government, tasked with chairing the cabinet. In addition, s/he is granted the exclusive right to present a cabinet bill although all legislation must be approved by Congress, even if it originates from the executive branch.

BALTUSIAN pp

The President and Commander-in-Chief's official residence; the Presidential Palace

The President and Commander-in-Chief is usually elected every four years, at the same time as the Baltusian Congress. Due to its importance within Baltusia's political system, it is common for ideologically similar parties to support a single candidate. There are no term limits imposed upon the role.

The legislative branch, the Baltusian Congress, is generally regarded as the most powerful. While the President and Commander-in-Chief retains control of the government, any and all legislation that government proposes must be approved by a majority of the representatives in Congress, of which there are seven hundred. The Baltusian Congress is elected at the same time as the executive.

Political divisionsEdit

Baltusia is composed of five states (listed in the table below), which are further subdivided into one-hundred-and-one counties. Each county is given a number to be used for official purposes, such as vehicle registration and postal codes. States elect governors by using a simple plurality voting system simultaneously with Congress and Presidential elections.

The degree to which Baltusia can be described as 'federalist' is debatable. While the central government maitains control over most policy areas, local governments are responsible for some decisions such as funding for policing.

Flag State Capital Population Governor Political Party
Albiland Flag Albiland Windsor 19,933,124 Centrist Party
Athosia Athosia Rootianville 19,965,789 Patriotic Party of Baltusia
Gevaro Gevaro Celestia City 19,978,296 Jackson Smith Democratic People's Movement
Lindar Valley Lindar Valley Pantiapolis 19,960,300 Sebastian Chapman Democratic People's Movement
Terrarokka Flag Terrarokka Rokkanville 19,830,316 Centrist Party

Parties and electionsEdit

See also: Political parties in Baltusia

Sffaasa pp

The Baltusian Congress building

Baltusian elections were traditionally characterised as a battle between two opposing political groupings: the Left Party Bloc and the Baltusia Right-Wing Alliance. However, the emergence of the National Party of Baltusia (and later the Centrist Party) triggered a re-shaping of the political dividing lines. As a result, there are now four political caucuses, with differing degrees of influence.

Presently, the most prominent political factions are the Left Party Bloc and the Baltusian Centrist Alliance. In the last elections, the latter was considerably more successful in both Congress and the Presidency. Nonetheless, the Baltusia Right-Wing Alliance still exists, comprising both the Patriotic Party and the Baltusian Republican Party, and the Alliance for Freedom and Democracy, spearheaded by the DPM, does endorse candidates in Presidential elections.

Active Baltusian political parties
Faction(s) Name Seats in Congress
Baltusian Centrist Alliance Baltusia Right-Wing Alliance Baltusian Republican Party
59 / 680
Patriotic Party
100 / 680
Baltusian Democratic Green Party
58 / 680
Centrist Party
137 / 680
Left Party Bloc Moderate Party
36 / 680
Alliance for Freedom and Democracy Revolutionary Anarcho-Communist Party
57 / 680
Democratic People's Movement
161 / 680
Foundation Party
53 / 680
Baltusian People's Party
19 / 680

Elections are held every four years for Congress, the Presidency and State Governorships. Once elected the President has sole authority to submit a cabinet proposal however any cabinet must receive the majority support of the Baltusian Congress.

Judicial systemEdit

Rewt pp

Federal Court of Baltusia

Baltusia's system is complex and cannot be easily defined. Primarily, laws arise from written statutes (Acts of the Baltusian Congress) and the role of judges is merely to interpret law- not to make it. However, judges do have some power to determine whether government ministers are acting 'outside their authority'. Furthermore, the 2039 Declaration of Rights provides the basis for Baltusian common law, i.e. law in areas where there is no clear statutory provision.

Under the present legal system, regional courts are the most common form of court. Nonetheless, a number of higher levels exist, to which the decisions of regional courts may be appealed, and the Federal Court of Baltusia represents the highest court of appeal in Baltusia.

Foreign relationsEdit

Baltusia maintains positive relationships with a number of other Terran nations. Owing to its geographical position and shared history, Kalistan is one of its most important economic partners. Baltusia has trade deals with the Democratic Republic of Tukarali and Dolgarstan.

MilitaryEdit

The Baltusian Armed Forces are the military forces of Baltusia, under the president as Commander in Chief. They consist of the Baltusian Army , Baltusian Navy, the Baltusian Air Force.

The Military is a two tier system, with the Lower tier being Provincial, and the Upper tier being Federal, and the entire system known as the Baltusian Armed Forces. The Provincial Tier contains the police department, as well as a Provincial Army which is used for defending the province and patroling borders. The Provincial Assembly, Governor, and the provincial military executive organize the Army, but have no say if the National Assembly or President desides to send in National Troops. The Federal Tier is controlled by the National Military Executives, President, cabinet, and ,rarely, the National Assembly.

The Baltusian Armed Forces are made up of the Army, Air Force, and Navy. The Baltusian Armed Forces are organized and led by the Baltusian Department of Defense, which is charged with matter concerning the Baltusian Armed Forces and national security. The Head of the Department of Defense is the Minister of National Defense and Veterans Affairs, who is supposed to execute the polocies concerning the military.

Fdsgsd pp

Baltusian Armed Forces

These policies are determined by the Commander-in-Chief, who is the President, and is also responsible for making major military decisions during a war. The body that advises the president and receives his or her orders are the National Military Executives. This board is made up of the Minister of National Defense and Veteran Affairs and various officers of the Baltusian Armed Forces. Baltusia has domestic and international intelliegence agencies, and have seperate leaders, who are chosen by the President. The Prime Minister, the head-of-government, does not have a role in the military, with the President being responsible for it.

EconomyEdit

Baltusia derives 79% of its electricity from renewable energy sources, the highest percentage in the world. Baltusia has a mixed economy which combines extensive private enterprise (nearly 2.5 million companies registered) with substantial state enterprise. The government retains considerable influence over key segments of infrastructure sectors, with majority ownership of railway, electricity, aircraft, energy and telecommunications. It has been gradually relaxing its control over these sectors since the early 3300.

The government is slowly corporatising the state sector and selling off holdings in Baltusian Télécom, Air Baltusia, as well as the insurance, banking, and defence industries. Baltusia has an important aerospace industry and has its own national spaceport.

Baltusian companies have maintained key positions in the Insurance and Banking industries: BEXA is the world's largest insurance company, and is ranked by Fortune the ninth richest corporation by revenues. The leading BaltusiaN banks are BNV Bestipas and the Crédeit, ranking as the world's 1st and 6th largest banks in 3395 (determined by the amount of assets).

Baltusia is the smallest emitter of carbon dioxide among the ten most industrialised countries in the world, due to its heavy investment in renewable power. As a result of large investments in renewable technology, most of the electricity produced in the country is generated by renewable energy power plants (water, wind and solar).

AgricultureEdit

Baltusia has historically been an important producer of agricultural products. Large tracts of fertile land, the application of modern technology, and provincial subsidies have combined to make Baltusia the leading agricultural producer and exporter in North Seleya (representing alone 20% of the Seleyan agricultural production) and the world's seventh biggest exporter of agricultural products.

Wheat, poultry, dairy, beef, and pork, as well as an internationally recognised processed foods are the primary Baltusian agricultural exports. Wines are primarily consumed within the country, but Lindar Valley wines are major exports, being known worldwide.

Provincial agriculture subsidies in Baltusia have decreased for the last years, but still amounted to 8 billion BLD in 3395. Agriculture is thus an important sector of Baltusian economy : 3.5% of the active population is employed in agriculture, whereas the total agri-food industry made up 4.2% of Baltusian GDP in 3395.

InfrastructureEdit

The majority of the infrastructure and transport network is overseen by private firms however it is free-to-use, subsidised entirely by the government. Nonetheless, there are some exceptions: state housing is available for those in need and there is a nationalised train operator and postal agency.

EducationEdit

In Baltusia, education is compulsory until the age of eighteen, although home schooling is permitted under certain circumstances. Higher education is provided by the state alongside private providers with subsidies available for those on low-incomes.

DemographicsEdit

Baltusia is somewhat mixed demographically.

CultureEdit

Baltusia is primarily a nation of Hosians.

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