The Government and politics of Hulstria and Gao-Soto take place within the framework of a parliamentary constitutional dual monarchy and is governed by the provisions of the Basic Law of 4310. The principles of this constitutional arrangement are inspired by the national ideology, Septembrism. At the head of the political structure is a head of state known as the Crowns of Hulstria and Gao-Soto, consisting of two separate monarchs: the Kaiser of Hulstria and the Mikado of Gao-Soto. The role of the Crowns is purely ceremonial and concerned with representing the equal stakes of the Hulstrians, Kunihito and Hulstro-Showans in the nation. In political affairs, the Crowns are represented by an elected official known as the Governor-General. Under the parliamentary system, the Governor-General acts only as a constitutional head of state; instead, real executive power rests with Their Imperial Majesties' Government, which arises from the Reichsversammlung, the bicameral parliament of the Crownlands, and has to maintain the confidence of the popularly-elected lower house, the Imperial Diet. The upper house of the Reichsversammlung is the Länderrat, representing the Crownland governments at the national level. The national politics of Hulstria and Gao-Soto have historically been characterised by coalition-making and consensualism, even after the tradition of national governments fell out of use in Septembrist Hulstria and Gao-Soto.