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Indralanewflag

Indrala's national flag under the rule of the He dynasty

The History of Indrala is long and complex. Disagreements between experts are common and the regular emergence of new evidence means that the consensus view is regularly changing and being updated.

In general, the history of Indrala can be split into four eras: the pre-historic era, the ancient era, the colonial era and the modern era. Written records about the modern era are common and for this reason, information about this period is far more plentiful and considerably less disputed.

The Gao-Showan peoples first migrated to Indrala from Seleya, eventually fully populating Indrala and creating the first Dovanian civilization known as Mengmai. Eventually, the Kingdom of Gemu-Erka was formed, the first kingdom in Dovani.

From here, the Gao-Showan peoples spread first to Dankuk in the north and Kimlien in the South and eventually to most of Dovani. Indralan colonists also founded the Empire of Ananto and what became Gaduridos in Seleya. In the 900s, Indrala was united under the Xin Han (New Galaxy) Empire, which maintained unity for around 200 years. After the fall of the Xin Han state, Shuro Dureas reunited Indrala under the Commonwealth.

During this period, Indrala maintained trade relations with many nations, eventually being colonized by Aloria, but allowed to largely maintain its culture. Eventually, the colonists were thrown out by communist revolutionaries and Indrala became a republic. During the Republican Era, the government fluctuated between leftist and rightist governments, eventually falling in the late 2900s to the Nationalist Party's new Commonwealth under a new monarchy led by the Deng Clan.

From here, Indrala has became a traditionalist monarchical state, eventually going on to create the largest empire in Terran history through its numerous colonies. For the best part of a century now, Indrala has been a somewhat unstable republic with numerous governments rising and falling.

PrehistoryEdit

Some reports have the earliest settlement in Indrala around 10,000 years ago, although this date is considered very early by most; the leading theory has it settled around 5000 years ago.

Pre-Modern Indrala Edit

Mengmai and the Kingdom of Gemu-ErkaEdit

The city of Mengmai is considered the earliest city in Indrala. It was founded around 2600 BC. The area around the city was part of the Kingdom of Eesi. It was invaded around 560 BC by an unidentified people from the north, who ruled the area as the Kingdom of Gemu-Erka for over 600 years.

The Gemu-Erka are the people who first introduced writing to Indrala. The Indralan Syllabary (Yingdala Tizi), a system which had a symbol for each syllable, was used up until the late 1800s, when foreign influence caused the Latin alphabet to become the dominant alphabet.

Gemu-Erka rule was ended abruptly in 113 CE, the first solidly recorded date in Indrala. In the spring of that year, Mount Shomi, a volcano just outside of Mengmai, erupted. The city and much of its outskirts were destroyed in what is known as the "great burning", and the Gemu-Erka kingdom fragmented within a year.

It has been said that the Gemu-Erka created small colonies to the north on Vintalli and Ananto islands which remained relatively intact after the fall of Indralan Gemu-Erka, but these have since been destroyed by colonizers from mainland Seleya.

The fragmentation of the Gemu-Erka kingdom started the Indralan Dark Ages, or Qin period. Due to the loss of almost all written work in the great burning, most Indralan culture was preserved orally or in monasteries.

During this period, a number of warlords controlled different parts of the island. These largely united under Venshi in 630, and the subsequent kingdom remained in control for about 300 years, but it never had control of the entire island. The government collapsed in 944 and the island fragmented into numerous city-states in what is now known as the Talmu period.

Short-lived unification Edit

Main article: Great Xinhan Empire

In 950, a peasant bandit leader by the name of Liu Ji rose up against a feudal territory located in between today's Mishari Karula and Quibashi and overthrew its feudal lord, claiming that the leader was unjust and a tyrant. Ji named the territory as Xinhan and proclaimed himself King. Three years later, King Liu Ji led his armies throughout what is now known as Indrala, conquering the various fiefdoms until they were consolidated into an empire. This massive empire was known as the Da Xinhan Guo and was ruled by an emperor-like ruler with the title "August-Sage King, Son of Heaven, and Lord of Ten Thousand Years and of the Present Time". After Ji had passed, many rulers from the Imperial Liu Clan reigned.

The empire reached its zenith until Emperor Liu Che, for whom Diguodang leader Liu Che is named. Under the reign of Liu Che, the Imperial Army was strengthened with then-state of the art equipment and training, and the empire began to trade with other peoples across the Schismatic Sea, becoming increasingly popular because of their cultural goods.

The Da Xinhan Guo was short-lived and the empire crumbled around the mid-1100s due to politically weak rulers and corruption amongst various members of the court. What remained of the empire fragmented into small feudal territories and city-states, which would eventually be reunited under Shuro Dureas and his United Indralan Commonwealth in 1213.

Dureas' United IndralaEdit

Shuro Dureas was born in 1193 in a northeastern Indralan village of peasants on the outskirts of Beizhou. When he became old enough, he joined the army of the Lord of Beizhou and quickly rose the ranks and stature. The Lord of Beizhou adopted Shuro Dureas as his son and heir, and when the Lord died, Shuro Dureas succeeded him. Shuro Dureas was an ambitious ruler and skilled warrior. He sought to become the ruler of "All under heaven". He raised and trained large army to accomplish this goal. Shuro Dureas' Army unified all of Indrala by 1213, when he was just 20, and created the United Indralan Commonwealth (合众英大拉联邦王国 gezhong yingdala lianbang wangguo) and became the Zuigao lingdaoren (Paramount Leader) of the United Indralan state. In return for their service in uniting the island under his authority, Dureas granted territories and titles to the commanders of his grand army. One notable example was Deng Qihong of the Clan Deng, who became the Beiyi of Akuzia.

Elective monarchy and the Beiyis' Republic Edit

Deng Puqi, 3rd Beiyi of Akuzia, 1st Elected Paramount Leader of United Indrala

Deng Puqi, 3rd Beiyi of Akuzia, 1st Elected Paramount Leader in full regalia.

When Shuro Dureas died at the age of 60 in 1253, he had no surviving children and did not create any mechanisms to determine who should succeed him. The Beiyi (regional-military chieftains), many of who were former commanders in Dureas' Army, decided that they would elect amongst themselves the new leader of United Indrala. Indrala essentially became an elective monarchy and a Beiyis' (Nobles') Republic. The first elected Paramount Leader was Deng Puqi, the 3rd Beiyi of Akuzia. He was followed by the Clan Tan of Quibashi, Clan Liang of Kathuran, Clan Li of Luratha, and the Clan He of Mishari Karula, before finally electing the 7th Beiyi of Akuzia of the Clan Deng as the last elected Paramount Leader before the collapse of the Commonwealth. This system of elected Paramount Leaders ended with the collapse of the United Indrala Commonwealth in 1450.

Although United Indrala was not economically developed and was not wealthy, there was a major rise in art and literature in the 1300s, a period known as the Gudian Gudai or the Indralan Golden Age. This flourishing of Indralan culture lasted until 1450, when United Indrala collapsed. The influence of the Gudian Gudai has resulted in the usage of yingdalaren or simply yingren by Indralans to refer their ethnicity and culture, and the term "yingdalayu" or "yingyu" to refer to the Indralan language. The name Indrala derives the word "yingdala", which formed part of the Commonwealth's name, and was introduced by the Alorians who attempted to romanize the Indralan names and terms.

The fall of the United Indralan state resulted from a dispute over whether rice or corn should be served at state banquets (the ruling north said corn, the more populous south said rice). The United Indralan period was followed by the relatively peaceful Enzo period in which the country was divided and ruled by the various Beiyis (regional-military chieftains). This period in Indralan history lasted until 1744.

Alorian ruleEdit

In 1836, the Alorian government assumed direct control over Yingdala, ushering in the period known as the Alorian Protectorate of Indrala. In 1912 the Dominion of Indrala was proclaimed, allowing limited self-government on the island. In 1912, the native Indralans were granted partial self-rule and responsible government was introduced, thereby establishing the Alorian Dominion of Indrala. This semi-independent territory and the Alorian presence lasted until 1938 when, following the Indralan War of Independence, Communist rebels occupied the capital and declared Indrala's independence as the People's Republic of Indrala.

Alorian Eastern Trade CompanyEdit

AETC in Indrala

Alorian Eastern Trading Company ships arrive in Indrala, 1722

In 1718, William Prescott led a a four-ship expedition of merchants from Aloria to Indrala in an attempt to expand the nation's influence in the region and combat the dominance of Seleyan nations on international trade.

Initially the expedition showed minimal signs of success however a permanent trading post was established in Quibashi in 1722, the first signs of success for the Alorians. With the permission of Beiyi of Quibashi, further settlements were established along the Indralan west coast. Notably, the first factory was built by the settlers in 1728 in Hazhou.

In 1729, the newly found Alorian Eastern Trade Company was granted a monopoly over the Eastern trade by the Alorian government. The charter of the new company empowered it to build trading posts and conclude treaties with Indralan rulers.

During this time, other trading posts were similarly expanding in the region. This resulted in the domination of the sources of valuable spices that gained control over most of the Eastern trade routes. Indrala became a way-station for Alorian ships on the route between Artania and Dovani. The Company soon expanded its commercial trading operations, by setting up trading posts in Guozhou (where a factory was built in 1734), Zhongjing (1736), Jingzhou (1737) and Tianzhou(1741). By 1750, the Company had 21 factories, each under the command of a master merchant and governor if so chosen, and nearly 100 employees in Indrala.

The Alorian exploration of Indrala comprised a varied collection of Beiyidoms and City-States that were occasionally at war with each other but maintained significant inter-island and international trade. The company's mainstay businesses were by now in pepper, tobacco, silk and tea. All the while, it was making inroads into the Luthori monopoly of the spice trade in the Anantonese Ocean. Besides being great commercial masterminds, the Alorians were also great diplomats. Instead of the agressive and colonial additude of the Luthori, the Alorians were able to maintain peaceful relations with the inland rulers.

Their monopoly over the spice trade became complete after they drove the Luthori finally from Indrala at the end of the Great Artanian War (1764-1779). Richard Hayes, the Company's Governor General at that time, led the Company to an astounding victory against the Luthori forces on Indrala, and captured the Luthori settlements in the north in 1778. After this, Luthori ambitions on Indralan territories were effectively laid to rest, thus eliminating a major source of economic competition for the Company. In contrast, the Company, fresh from a colossal victory, and with the backing of a disciplined and experienced army, was able to assert its interests in Indrala without facing any further obstacles from other powers.

The Company's dominance of Indrala took a major form. This was the use of subsidiary alliances between the company and the local rulers; these agreements were essentially feudal in nature and under them the local rulers gave up much of their control on foreign affairs to the Company and in return had their independence guaranteed. This development created the Native States of the local rulers. Gradually their increasing influence led the local rulers to grant the Company permits for duty free trade in allmost of every part of the island.

Protectorate Governments Edit

Sir John Penn and the Beiyi of Quibashi

Sir John Penn's embassy to the Beiyi of Quibashi, 1812

In 1795, the Governor General of the Eastern Trade Company Sir John Penn was instructed by King Peter and Queen Isabella to visit the Beiyi of Quibashi to arrange for a treaty which would give the Company exclusive rights to reside and build forts on the southeastern Indralan coastal area and rights to explore and to exploit the beiyidom's mineral and forest resources. In return, the Company afforded the Indralan leader Alorian protection. Loss of power deeply upset the Beiyi, but he was beholden to the Alorians for sending military aid to suppress a rebellion by a rival.

Aloria established closer bonds in treaties with the Beiyi of Luratha (1806), Karula (1808), and Kathuran (1812). The Beiyis agreed not to dispose of any territory except to Aloria and not to enter into relationships with any foreign government other than Aloria without its consent. In return, the Alorians promised to protect the Indralan states from all aggression by sea and to help in case of land attack.

This in fact led to the de facto control of Indrala by the Alorians. The local rulers became puppets to the Company, who ruled behind the scenes.

The Beiyi of Akuzia was the last of the Beiyis to sign the Alorian treaties in 1820.

Colonial era Edit

Indralaprotectorate1

Alorian colonial government, 1834

The end of the Company was precipitated by a mutiny of Pundijuns (Native soldiers) against their Alorian commanders, due in part to the tensions caused by Alorian attempts to westernise Indrala. The rebellion took nine months to suppress, with heavy loss of life on both sides. Afterwards, in 1836, the Alorian government assumed direct control over Indrala, ushering in the period known as the Alorian Protectorate of Indrala, After the Alorian Eastern Trade Company was dissolved in 1836, Indrala came under the administration of the Alorian government, and an appointed viceroy administered Indrala and King James IV of Aloria was crowned the Emperor of Indrala.

Home Rule before the founding of the Modern RepublicEdit

Alorian colonial legislative assembly in Indrala

Alorian colonial legislative assembly building, Jingzhou

Responsible Government and the Alorian Dominion of IndralaEdit

In 1912, the native Indralans were granted partial self-rule and responsible government was introduced, thereby establishing the Alorian Dominion of Indrala. The new Alorian Dominion was still ultimately the responsibily of the Government of Aloria and its Viceroy, however, day-to-day administration was left to the newly established Lifa Hui (legislative assembly). This semi-independent territory and the Alorian presence lasted until 1938 when a Communist uprising began.

Communism in IndralaEdit

When the Alorian Liberation Movement deposed King Charles XIV and proclaimed the Republic of Aloria in 1924, the Indralan Viceroy remained loyal to the Alorian monarchy. The Alorian Civil War prevented the metropolitan government from trying to invade Indrala, which remained under de iure Battenburg rule. The short-lived Socialist Republic of Aloria proclaimed the independence of all of Aloria's colonies and dominions, and funded the communist Yingdala Gongchandang movement in the south of the country to topple the Dominion Government.


The return of the monarchy in Aloria in 1933 allowed the Kingdom to send reinforcements to defeat the rebellion, but by this time the Gongchan movement had become very popular with the Indralans. Using guerilla tactics, the Communists managed to gain control of most of the island by 1937, and in 1938, the Gongchandang rebels gained control of the capital and imposed a Gongchan government. This effectively expelled the Alorians from Indrala and Indrala became fully independent. Due to the unpopularity of the war at home, Aloria recognized the independence of Indrala that same year.


While the Communists liberated Indrala from Alorian colonialism, their rule was quite authoritarian and they suppressed opposition until 1984, when a Gaduridos-led international force drove them from power and replaced them with a pro-capitalist dictatorial government under Arturo Shinohe. His unpopular government fell to communist rebels in 2031, who founded the Xingongchanguo (new communist state).

Modern Indrala Edit

Minren Ziyou RevolutionEdit

In 2075, a popular, liberal revolution drove the communists from power. The revolution created the modern Indralan State and established Yingdala Gezhongguo (United States of Indrala).

Civil WarEdit

In 2404, the Workers' League of Indrala began the Indralan Insurrection, a rebellion against the Indralan state. Approximately 85,000 rebels and 53,000 government soldiers died in the conflict. The rebellion ended in March 2451 when the Workers' League collapsed and its militant arm surrendered. While general members and soldiers of the Workers' League of Indrala were granted amnesty, however, both its military and civilian leaders were tried and convicted on the charge of war crimes, and sentenced to life imprisonment.

Annexation of Dalibor and KimlienEdit

NewDovaniPoliticalMap9

Map of Dovani and the various territories

In 2459, the Indralan Minguo Lifa Yuan (Parliament) voted by a large margin to annex the as-of-then unclaimed island of Dalibor.[1] The Indralan state subsequently annexed portion of the Dovani mainland, now forming Jinlian, when non-Dovani countries began claiming and colonizing territories on the continent[2].

Age of DictatorsEdit

The 29th century was a time when the fragile republican government of Indrala was overthrown the most times. In 2800, on the 6th of September, a coup d'etat known as the "Revolt of the Sergeants" removed Thomas Eddie from the presidency of the country, and installed a five-member anti-Eddie presidency. Soon, Diosdado Hortal became the kingmaker and the main political figure in Indrala. He decided to take advantage of this fact by runing for Head of State himself, winning in 2808.

During his stay in power, Hortal embarked on an ambitious program of economic reconstruction and agricultural reform, and greatly improved relations with Greater Hulstria. On the other hand, the Hortal presidency was marked by corruption, harassement of the opposition, and a heightened personality cult. His rule was ended when he lost the 2812 elections to the first Zenshō Socialist party, the Gekokujō. The latter quickly installed the world's first Zenshō Socialist state, the Enlightened People's Republic of Indrala, and invaded the independent state of Hanzen.

In 2833 Indrala was brought under the dictatorial rule of another member of the Nationalista Party, Bumipol Ran Pan.

Clan Deng and the Indralan Diarchy (2875-3074) Edit

The year 2875 saw the rise of a new political force in Indrala: the Kuomintang. Within three years of their first election, the Kuomintang formed a majority government and implemented government policies that saw significant growth to the national economy. The Kuomintang has been consecutively led by members of the Clan Deng (鄧)who were the Beiyi of Akuzia during and after the United Indralan Commonwealth era.

Indralan diarchy

Indrala's division during the Diarchy

With the appearance of the Diguodang, the country saw the rise of the monarchical movement that sought to establish their leader Liu Che as the Emperor of Indrala, a title historically held by the medieval Great Xinhan Empire, and by the the Alorian colonial government under the House of Battenburg until 1938 when the colonial administration and its institutions were expelled from the island by the Communist insurgents. The two movements eventually reached an agreement whereby Indrala would be divided in a diarchy, with the Paramount Leader of the Indralans ruling in the North, and the Emperor of the Great Xinhan Empire ruling in the South, with the expectation that the agreement would be temporary and end with the eventual unification of the ruling houses.

During the final years of the millenium the Zenshō Socialist movement again gained a foothold in Indrala, with the establishment of the Kyōwakai party. In the year 3000, the party factionalized into one anarchist and one fascist organization.

The new millenium did not bring the long expected unification of Indrala. Instead, the disagreements between the Clan Deng and the Clan Liu postponed the creation of a single state indefinetly. This problem was further exacerbated by the radicalism of the two Zenshō Socialist parties, and by growing political violence, which at several times even incapacitated the Lifa Yuan. Although this tense situation only persisted for around a decade, the issue of unification still remained unresolved.

As a reaction to the loss of authority of the central government and to lingering tensions between the two monarchies and their inability to find a compromise solution to unification, Zenshō Socialists in the South launched a rebellion against the Xinhan Empire, proclaiming the Monastic State of Indrala in 3018. The Monastic State managed to gain control over the entire Southern territory by 3020, which facilitated the opening of reunification talks. In May 3020, Indrala was officially unified under the Commonwealth of Indrala (英大拉王民國)[3], a compromise between constitutional monarchy and parliamentary republic.

In 3031,the Imperial Clan of Liu returned to Indralan politics, and reestablished the Diarchy with Clan Deng by means of a coup d'etat[4]. The Liu family was removed from the throne in 3065, and the Dengs attempted to merge the two families in February 3065, with the marriage of Deng Xiaodao and Liu Baihe resulting in the Imperial House of Deng-Liu. However, the marriage did not result in children, and the Deng clan was overthrown by the Lius in 3074, with the creation of the Great Empire of Indrala[5].

Reunified Indrala (3074-present) Edit

Xinhan Dynasty Edit

Ultimately, the Diguodang, the primary political supporters of the Liu Clan, prevailed in their overall goal to restore the Imperial Clan of Liu to the Dragon Throne. As a consolation to Clan Deng, they were given a commandery sized kingdom in Anlezhou.

In 3110, the Eunuchs Of The Crown proclaimed the exile of the Clan Deng, with the authorization of the Emperor. Thus, the Imperial Clan of Liu solidified its hold on Indrala, Dalibor, and Jinlian, effectively ending all rival claims to the throne. The destruction of the landed aristocracy, which had been the key supporters of the Deng clan, led to the establishment of the eunuchs and the Gao Clan as the power base of the Xinhan Dynasty.

The Gao Clan would revolt in April 3124, in the Jiaozhi Revolt, but the victory of the Imperial Army against the Kingdom of Jiaoshi led to the elimination of court eunuchs, and brought the Empire under communist rule, which nevertheless maintained the emperor. The collapse of the communist government allowed the development of a Jienist bureaucracy as the Empire's power base. The recovered stability of the Xinhan Empire allowed it to pursue a more aggressive foreign policy, manifested in its demanding the Great North Dovani Plain from Kazulia.

Due to the inability of the Imperial Clan of Liu to handle the Great North Dovani Plain Crisis, Ji Qiu, the two year old son of King Ji Bang of Yansheng, located in Han Province, was crowed the Emperor of Indrala, with the backing of the Imperial Armed Forces. The Royal Clan of Ji thus replaced the Imperial Clan of Liu as the legitimate holders of the Mandate of Heaven in 3236[6]. The Xinhan Empire was restored in 3300, under Liu Qin[7].

As a reaction to the corruption and stagnation of the restored Xinhan, the Blue Lotus Society, a Zenshō Daenist sect and secret society, founded by the creator of the older Zenshō Socialist party Chu Huan Zhi three centuries earlier, launched a rebellion against the monarchy. Although adherence to Daenism had faded in the last centuries, the Blue Lotus Rebellion managed to win wide popular support.

Mingzhi Dynasty Edit

Main article: Mingzhi Dynasty

Taking advantage of the instability generated by the Blue Lotus Rebellion, the Minister of the Guards Tengyuan Xinyu overthrew the Xinhan in 3337, and proclaimed himself the Xin Emperor in 3341, founding the Mingzhi Dynasty. In 3343, Indrala attacked the Zardic fleed at Prtsmouth, Ingomu and invaded the Federated States of Dovani, beginning the Great Dovani War.

OverviewEdit

Content moved from the main Indrala page. Needs harmonising/integrating with the content above.

PrehistoryEdit

Yingdala's history begins with the city of Mengmai, founded around 2600 BC, which was invaded around 560 BC by an unidentified people from the north, who ruled the area as the Kingdom of Gemu-Erka for over 600 years. Gemu-Erka rule was ended abruptly in 113 CE, the first solidly recorded date in Yingdala. In the spring of that year, Mount Shomi, a volcano just outside of Mengmai, erupted. The city and much of its outskirts were destroyed in what is known as the "great burning", and the Gemu-Erka kingdom fragmented within a year. The fragmentation of the Gemu-Erka kingdom started the Yingdalan Dark Ages, or Qin period. Due to the loss of almost all written work in the great burning, most Yingdalan culture was preserved orally or in monasteries. During this period, a number of warlords controlled different parts of the island. These largely united under Venshi in 630, and the subsequent kingdom remained in control for about 300 years, but it never had control of the entire island. The government collapsed in 944 and the island fragmented into numerous city-states.

Xinhan Dynasty (950-1153)Edit

Main article: Great Xinhan Empire

The first government to unify the entire Yingdalan island was the Great Xinhan Empire, which ruled between 950 and 1153, and formed the basis of Yingdala's national identity and culture. The Xinhan also introduced the title of Emperor (Yingdalan: 皇帝 Huángdì, literally August Sage-King), and, due to commercial and cultural relations with the Empire of Gao-Soto, it adopted Jienism, Classical Gao-Showa, and Gao-Soton literature. Gao-Soto's cultural influence was so strong that the Yingdalans began to call themselves Gao-Showans beginning with this period.

United Yingdalan Commonwealth (1213-1450)Edit

The Xinhan Empire was short-lived and the empire crumbled around the mid-1100s due to politically weak rulers and corruption amongst various members of the court. What remained of the empire fragmented into small feudal territories and city-states, which would eventually be reunited under Shuro Dureas and his United Yingdalan Commonwealth in 1213. Shuro Dureas, and ambitious young noble from Beizhou, managed to unify all of Yingdala by 1213, when he was just 20, adopting the title of Zuìgāo lǐngdǎorén (Paramount Leader) of the United Yingdalan state. After the death of Shuro Dureas, the United Yingdalan Commonwealth became an elective monarchy, with the Beyis (regional nobles) electing the next Paramount Leader amongst themselves.

Enzo Period (1450-1744)Edit

The fall of the United Yingdalan state resulted from a dispute over whether rice or corn should be served at state banquets (the ruling north said corn, the more populous south said rice). The United Yingdalan period was followed by the relatively peaceful Enzo (Ēnzǎo, 恩早) period in which the country was divided and ruled by the various Beiyis (regional-military chieftains). This period in Yingdalan history lasted until 1744.

Alorian Rule (1722-1938)Edit

Beginning with 1722, the Kingdom of Aloria, seeking to expand its trade into the East of Terra, became a constant presence on the Yingdalan island, signing several protectorate agreements with the local rulers. In 1836, the Alorian government assumed direct control over Yingdala, ushering in the period known as the Alorian Protectorate of Yingdala. In 1912 the Dominion of Yingdala was proclaimed, allowing limited self-government on the island. In 1912, the native Yingdalans were granted partial self-rule and responsible government was introduced, thereby establishing the Alorian Dominion of Yingdala. This semi-independent territory and the Alorian presence lasted until 1938 when, following the Yingdalan War of Independence, Communist rebels occupied the capital and declared Yingdala's independence as the People's Republic of Yingdala.

Communist Period (1938-2075)Edit

While the Communists liberated Yingdala from Alorian colonialism, their rule was quite authoritarian and they suppressed opposition until 1984, when a Gaduridos-led international force drove them from power and replaced them with a pro-capitalist dictatorial government under Arturo Shinohe. His unpopular government fell to communist rebels in 2031, who founded the Xingongchanguo (new communist state).

First Republic (2075-2800)Edit

In 2075, a popular, liberal revolution drove the communists from power. The revolution created the modern Yingdalan State and established Yingdala Gezhongguo (United States of Yingdala).

Beginning with the 25th century, with the rise of colonialism and imperialism in Dovani, Yingdala decided to establish its own colonies on the continent, establishing Yingdalan presence in Dalibor and Jinlian.

Dictatorial Period (2800-2875)Edit

Until the 29th century, Yingdala remained a democratic republic, in spite of the numerous revolts and general instability. This changed with the nationalist Diosdado Hortal regime, established in 2800, one of the most authoritarian regimes in Yingdalan history. In a reaction to the Hortalist dictatorial practices, its pro-Hulstrian orientation, and its suppression of native Zensho Daenists, the first Zensho Socialist party, the Gekokujō, established the world's first Zensho Socialist state, the Enlightened People's Republic of Yingdala, and invaded the independent state of Hanzen. Due to the defeat in the Hanzen Conflict, another Hortalist dictatorship was established under Bumipol Ran Pan, lasting several years.

Second Republic (2875-2966)Edit

Beginning with 2875, Yingdala was brought under the rule of the Kuomintang, a conservative political party dominated by Clan Deng. The Deng monopoly on power was challenged by the rise of the Diguodang, a monarchist party led by Clan Liu, which aimed to reestablish the Great Xinhan Empire. This conflict would lead to the temporary (at first) solution of dividing Yingdala in two autonomous governments, the Great Commonwealth Empire of Yingdala, under the Dengs and the Kuomintang in the North, and the Great Xinhan Dynastic Empire, under the Lius and the Diguodang, in the South.

Diarchy (2966-3074)Edit

Although the unification of the two ruling houses and empires was the stated goal of both governments, it was never accomplished, due to conflicts between the two clans, and rising religious and political tensions, in no small part caused by the rise of Zensho Socialism in Yingdala. Although a Zensho Socialist revolt routed the Xinhan in the South and allowed for unification in 3020, the Liu family brought itself back to power by means of a coup d'etat, and were subsequently removed for a second time in 3065. Ultimately, Yingdala was permanently unified, under Xinhan rule, in 3074.

Restored Monarchy (3074-4114)Edit

Consequently, the Xinhan became the sole legitimate government of Yingdala, but not without its contestants. In 3124, the Jiaozhi Revolt challenged Liu authority, but was defeated. Between 3236 and 3300, the Mandate of Heaven belonged to the Yansheng Dynasty, of the Ji Clan, but returned to the Xinhan Dynasty afterwards. Between 3327 and 3341, Yingdala found itself in another revolt, the Blue Lotus Rebellion, this time inspired by Zensho Socialism. The rebellion was ultimately successful when the Xinhan general Tengyuan Xinyu proclaimed himself the Xin Emperor and founded the Mingzhi Dynasty. Between 3343 and 3355, Yingdala was involved in the Southern Hemisphere War, managing to gain the responsibility of overseeing the independence of the South Dovani states.

After the Southern Hemisphere War, members of the old bureacracy and scholars, believing the Mingzhi Dynasty was leading Yingdala down the path of constant warfare and high taxation, led a peaceful uprising against the government. Facing a potential rebellion, the Xin Emperor ordered an election, largely meant to be a referendum on his leadership. Unfortunately for him, the people traditionally associated with the old regime retook power, former the Jien-Democratic Party out of the ashes of the Imperial and Jien-Imperial Parties.

The Jien-Democrats immediately tried the Xin Emperor for treason and forced him out of power, leading to Tengyuan Xinyu's ultimate humiliation. Following the Xin Emperor's downfall, the Jien-Democrats ushered in a Jienist revival, reforming all laws to conform with Jienist philosophy. Not only did the Jienists turn Yingdala into a Jienist State, but they persecuted Zensho Daenists.

With the radicals in Yingdala eliminated, the Jienpai consolidated power and placed their preferred candidate from the House of He on the Dragon Throne in 4076. At first, the new monarchy led to a long period of stability and issued important laws secularizing institutions that had been brought under religious control under the previous dynasty.

Military Dictatorship (4114-4141) Edit

Problems, however, began to emerge in 4114 when the Jienpai-led cabinet began systematically withdrawing Yingdala from all international treaties, accelerating the economic collapse of the country. It was at this point that the General Staff began to exert greater control over governance.

As order broke down, the military formally seized power in the coup d'état of 4127, nationalizing nearly all sectors of the economy and crushing dissent. By the mid-4130s, it was believed that organized opposition to the regime was impossible, given the disappearance of former opposition party figures and public intellectuals. However, organized efforts by the militant Labor Party and the moderate Social Democratic League gained momentum as the junta splintered into violent factional struggle.

Third Republic (4141-present) Edit

In February 4137, a meeting of labor, environmental, and feminist activists met in Tian'an to establish the Social Democratic League. The party contested -- and won -- election to the recently expanded Court Conference, and used their position to restore responsible government (beginning January 4138) and proclaim a new Republic of Yingdala (December 4141). The Social Democratic League shared power with two successive left-wing parties, and during the collapse of the second of these parties (the National Worker's Party) and simmering resentment within the SDL, a successor party was formed, named the Yingdalan Progressives (January 4157) under the leadership of Prime Minister Cindy Tang. In a flurry of activity, the new Government accomplished much, including the first international agreement in recent Yingdalan history, the Taixi Progressive Trade Accord (June 4157).

ReferencesEdit

  1. http://classic.particracy.net/viewbill.php?billid=141785
  2. http://classic.particracy.net/viewbill.php?billid=199459
  3. http://classic.particracy.net/viewbill.php?billid=303455
  4. http://classic.particracy.net/viewbill.php?billid=305409
  5. http://classic.particracy.net/viewbill.php?billid=311816
  6. http://classic.particracy.net/viewbill.php?billid=335953
  7. http://classic.particracy.net/viewbill.php?billid=346748
Indrala articles
History Great Xinhan Empire - Alorian Protectorate - War of Independence - Southern Hemisphere War - Mingzhi Dynasty
Geography Ma-Gan River - Anle Range - Tebie Desert - Baitian Valley
Politics Chancellor - National Assembly - Political parties
Demographics Ethnic Groups: Indralan
Religion: Jienism - Cheng Daenism
Culture Monarchy - Nobility - Sport
Economy Agriculture - Banking - Tourism

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