Government and Politics Edit
The Basic Law of Hulstria and Gao-Soto hearkens back the state structure of the 1st United Imperial Crownlands as originally envisioned by Septembrist founding father Thomas Michels, the "Father of the Constitution". Under its provisions, Hulstria-Mikuni is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. The centrepoint of this democratic system is the legislature, a bicameral body known as the Reichsversammlung. This legislature consists of two houses: the lower house known as the Imperial Diet (Reichstag or Mikoku-gikai) and the upper house known as the Council of the Lands (Länderrat or Kanryou-hyogikai). The system is weakly bicameral, meaning that most power rests with the popularly-elected Imperial Diet, which possesses the right of initiative, the right of budget and the right to ratify treaties, as well as conducting most scrutiny of the government. The Imperial Diet is elected every 5 years subject to dissolution, with half its 643-strong membership being elected from constituencies known as Wahlkreisen and the other half being supplemented from party lists to maintain proportionality. Occasionally, proportionality can give rise to the necessity of a larger house, the so-called Überhangmandaten.
Currently, after the fall of the People's Revolutionary Republic of Hulstria and Gao-Soto, the throne is vacant and a Regency Council act as Head of State. At the date it is not known if the current Government will reinstal the dual monarchy.
In fact, an peculiar caratheristic of the Septembrist Government system is the fact that the executive power flows downward from the Crowns of Hulstria and Gao-Soto: a dual head of state consisting of the Emperor of Hulstria (the Kaiser) and the Emperor of Gao-Soto (the Mikado). Like in the original Septembrist constitutional order, the purpose of the Crowns is to symbolise at the highest level the stake of the Hulstrian and Gao-Showan peoples in the national state. They were represented politically by a Governor-General of the United Imperial Crownlands, who, by accepting political responsibility for their counduct, conducts the duties of the head of state on their behalf. Unusually, though, the Governor-General is not a presidential head of state, but rather reminiscent of the President in a parliamentary republic. Real executive power rests with Their Imperial Majesties' Government, headed by the Staatsminister (Kokumudaizin), which has to maintain the confidence of the majority of the Imperial Diet. The Ministers are collectively responsible for the conduct of government policy.
Judicial power is held by an apolitical system of courts and its therefore not normally considered part of H&GS politics.
The Crownlands played a large role in the Crownlander system of government, although it is not formally a federal system. Each Crownland has a structure mirroring the national arrangements of government, with either Kaiser or Mikado as ceremonial head of state represented by a Crowns-appointed Imperial Commissioner. They elect a Crownland Diet (Landtag, Kanryou-gikai) in conjunction with the Imperial Diet elections, which gives rise to a government headed by a Minister-President (Ministerpräsident or Daizin-daitouryou). This impacts national politics because the Crownland governments form the Council of the Lands, the upper house of the Reichsversammlung, which has to consent to bills in matters of Crownland or shared jurisdiction. The configuration of the Council of the Lands depends on the matter under discussion, with the responsible ministers travelling or sending a delegate to Kien.
However, the pro-monarchist party had suddenly collapsed in 4478, leading the newly creasted Socialist Party of Hulstria and Gao-Soto to sieze all the siets in the Imperial Diet, now named the Bundestagu.
Political Parties Edit
The government is run by the Politstagu, which is run by the Revolutionary Vanguard Party of Hulstria and Gao-Soto. It is the sole governing party of Hulstria and Gao-Soto with no major political opposition parties in the legislative body.
|Socialist Party of Hulstria and Gao-soto||Socialism||Upper-Left||Gazeru Hennihi||Founded in 4475.
Originally named as the Revolutionary Vanguard Party of Hulstria and Gao-Soto from 4460-4475.
Foreign Policy Edit
Administrative Subdivisions Edit
Hulstria and Gao-Soto are part of a relatively centralized unitary state compared to the previous government divided into Statess. Though the Basic Law guaranteed the autonomy of the Districts and their subdivisions, it leaves the enumeration of the powers of both levels of government to Revolutionary Vanguard Party's Politburo. Three sub-levels of local government are mentioned in the Shandhzist Constitution, the Cantons and the municipalities (Gemeinden). However, the current Constitution leaves it up to the constitutional laws of each States to determine their subdivisions; in practice, this comes down to the decision whether or not to have the intermediary cantonal level or only have municipalities. Thus, only two levels of local government are universal in the District: the municipalities and the communes.
Although the nation is subdivided into the two States of Hulstria and Gao-Soto by the national government, these are purely ceremonial subdivisions based on the Shandhzist principle of the multi-ethnic nation. The reasoning for according no political power to the constituent empires by Thomas Michels, architect of the original Shandhzist Constitution, was that the empires' empowerment and sovereignty had previously led to a total breakdown in intercommunal relations and ultimately in democracy itself, and had to be avoided at all costs. Thus, while the subdivision into Hulstria and Gao-Soto is recognised by the constitution, in practice it only determines which Party acts as ceremonial head of state, what the main language on signs is, what royal anthem is sung and what the ceremonial state religion is.
The typical District local government functions similarly to the national government in a parliamentary way. This is most visible at the District level, where an Imperial Commissioner represents the monarch and a Cabinet headed by a Minister-President has a confidence relationship with the Crownland Diet. On the cantonal and municipal levels, the duties of representing the monarch and heading the executive are combined in the person of the Canton President (Kantonobmann) or Mayor (Bürgermeister), who is elected by the council. The executive of cantons is comprised of multiple governing councillors (Regierungsräter), while the title on the municipal level is alderman (Schöffe). Each canton or municipality has an elected council that acts as its legislature and controls the actions of the College of Mayor and Aldermen or the Governing Council. As the Basic Law does not provide for the exact terms, each District may have slightly different titles. For instance, in Dundorfian-speaking parts of Mitranian, the mayor is referred to in the dialect as a Burgomeister, while in several former Imperial free cities in the State of Hulstria, the aldermen may be referred to by historic titles.
The culture of Hulstria and Gao-Soto is strongly marked by the country's nature as a melting pot between the Western Hulstrian culture and the Eastern Kunihito culture. Each of the two historical ethnic groups have their own culture which is celebrated across the nation. The Hulstrian culture, having been dominant while the country was known as Greater Hulstria, has a longstanding history, leaving its imprint in architecture and culture in most parts of the nation. Hulstrain "high culture" is marked by many famous composers of classical music, grand architecture, and a particular love of coffee and certain meat dishes. Intricately linked with the nation's monarchical heritage, Hulstrian culture contains many subtle Rothingrenist overtones even among those who are less supportive of the Rothingrens. This also links it to Kunihito culture, which carries the heritage of the medieval Empire of Gao-Soto, revived under the Okatori Clan. Kunihito high culture has brought forth famous poets, a distinctive Eastern cuisine and its own typical architectural and cultural forms. It is also tied up with elements of the Kamist faith and to a lesser extent with Jienist traditions. The elites of both cultures, united by certain aristocratic, monarchist and traditional values, have always felt some kinship going back to the period of the first dual monarchy.
Cultural understanding and interaction at all levels of society between Hulstrians and Kunihito hit its full swing after the establishment of the People's Revolutionary Vanguard State, who helped improve relations between the Hulstrians and the Gao-Showan under the Shandhzist banner.
- Hulstro-Showans: 30%
- Hulstrians: 28%
- Kunihito: 26%
- Gisoten: 5%
- Mikuni-Sekowan: 3%
- Draddwyr: 1%
- Istapali: 1%
- Llaqta: 1%
- Welang: 1%
- Others: 4%
- Irreligious: 38%
- Hosianism - 21%
- Tenshism: 15%
- Daenism: 11%
- Kamism: 7%
- Hulstro-Mikun New Religions: 4%
- Morokism: 1%
- Thetanism: 1%
- Aretism: 1%
- Other: 1%
Geography and Climate Edit
As a country in the far north of Terra, the Districts are quite a cool country and during the long winter temperatures are generally below freezing causing impressive snow storms. During the summer however the climate is pleasant with the south of the country often becoming quite warm due to the ocean currents bringing warm water up from the equator.
Hulstria and Gao-Soto is a fairly mountainous nation because of its location on the Schnee-Berge Mountain range, the local name of the Great Barrier Range. The coastal Districts of Budenlar and Kuratha are quite flat with the land slowly rising from the coast into the rolling hills of the interior. Further inland the Districts of Hulstria and Mitrania are dominated by picturesque snow-capped mountains. Most cities are in the foothills to the west of the Districts with the east being dominated by the Schnee-Berge Mountains, too steep in many cases to build on or farm, although its farming communities in the valleys feed much of the Districts. Much of the District of Hilgar lies on the other side of the barrier mountains and it flattens out into the Great North Dovani Plain, which continues into Ostland.
The Basic Law of 4318 declared the former Septembrist milita, the Reichsbürgerwehr (Imperial Civil Defence Force), to be the armed forces of the state. The former militia was transformed with the aid of allies into a new army with navy, armed forces and airforce wings incorporating the bulk of the previous Hulstrian armed forces.
Landmarks of Hulstria and Gao-SotoEdit
Hulstria and Gao-Soto is a nation legendary and internationally acclaimed for its many landmarks. Due to the nation's history and its infusion of both Hulstrian and Gao-Showa cultures, many unique structures dot its landscape. Equally impressive is the landscape itself. Hulstria stretches from the beautiful beaches of Luthorische Bai and Marchau to the rolling hills of Rothingren and Graaffsberg and all the way up into the scenic mountains surrounding the capital of Kien in the Kiennese Plain. Hulstria is, of course, most known for its Imperial history and castles and palaces, like Fliederbrunn Palace, are popular for tourists to visit, while others like, Phönixstein Castle, are famed landmarks even though they are not open to the public.