Kalistan, officially the United Republic of Kalistan (Egelian: República Unida de Kalistan) is a unitary semi-presidential republic in north-eastern Seleya. It shares a border with Lodamun to the west and Baltusia to the south. Kalista comprises a total area of 1.41 million km² and has a population of around 99.7 million people. Since ancient times, Kalistan has been a unique nation within the continent and the globe due to its reputation as a safe haven for refugees of all varieties. At times this has created international tension due to exploitation by criminals and pirates. In modern times, Kalistan has been an important international player although it has struggled to retain the economic and cultural development which characterised the country's "Age of Affluence".
The name "Kalistan" is derived from the name of the Kalii tribes, with the addition of the Aldegarian suffix -stān, meaning "place of" or "country". The suffix is commonly used for nation or region names in areas of significant Aldegarian influence. Kali was a blanket term given to all the natives of Seleya living in what is now mainland Kalistan, Athosia, and parts of Norstavan, and the term only applied for Mainland Kalistan, excluding the island of Ananto, until the foundation of the Federal Republic in 1924.
Government and politicsEdit
The President of the Republic is the figurhead and cerimonial head of state of Kalistan, and is usually elected every three years. Elected at the same time as the President are the members of legislature, known as the Chamber of Deputies of Kalistan. As center of the politics of Kalistan, the Chamber of Deputies elects with absolute majority the Head of Government, called Premier of the Republic, and his Government allowing each party to propose a cabinet. Usually, the Premier of the Republic is the leader of the largest parties into the Chamber.
In addition to the presidential and legislature elections, elections are also held for District Government positions. District Governors are named by the party receiving the most votes in that District, and District Assemblies reflect the electoral results for that District in the General Election. District Speakers, chosen from the plurality too, control the Agenda in their respective District Assemblies.
Kalistan's legislative branch consists of the unicameral Chamber of Deputies, made up 750 Deputies elected from population-based districts. In addition to law making, the Assembly has the ability to call for early elections, if a large vacancy of seats develops or a vote of no confidence passes against the Premier of the Republic.
Kalistan has a judicial branch in the form of the Kalistani Constitutional Court. The court's is convened and seated by the President- at a time of his/her choosing. The following formula is used to calculate the seatings.
- Any party which holds a seat in the National Assembly receives one seat
- A party which holds the Presidency of the Republic receives an additional seat
- A party which holds the Ministry of Justice receives an additional seat- who serves as Chief Justice and does not vote in the event of a tie
- A party which holds the plurality, if they do not hold either of the above offices receives an additional seat
The court's justices usually serve terms twice as long as the Assembly Deputies or the President.
Politics and electionsEdit
Kalistan's political history has consistently played out in terms of a struggle between populist neo-fascism and proponents of Ethical Socialism, in which the latter tends to emerge victorious.
Kalistan is split into five districts.
For centuries Kalistan retained a primarily isolationist foreign policy but following the initial dissolution of the SP, a number of treaties were signed with nations- especially in Seleya and Dovani.
President is head in the military.Historically, partisan militias have played an important role in the Kalistani armed forces.
Kalistan has a powerful economy, based largely on investment and service industries. Kalistan is listed as a "Middle" Economy, meaning it relies on export-based manufacturing, heavy industry, and trade. The Kalistani economy also features a large, specialized agricultural sector. Kalistan is famous for being located in the Drug Belt of Seleya, and is one of the top producers of high quality cannabis, raw opium, hashish, and coca, and is also a center for drug refining and synthetic drug manufacture. In addition, Suldanor District boasts the world's largest treacle mining sector, which gives Kalistan the world's largest share of treacle production. Kalistani is also known for exporting large amounts of petroleum products, alcohol, and iron and steel due to developments in the economy following the year 4000.
The Kalistani Economy was once dominated by three major conglomerates, known as the Big Three: Kalistani Saccharine Corp, Ananto Worldwide, and Grand Enterprises. In 2374 these companies (along with all other private assets) were absorbed into the government, only to be privatized again in 2381 in the National Divestment Auction. From 2381 to 2391, Kalistan's economy functioned as a "dual system," with private businesses competing against eachother and parallel nationalized companies. In 2391, the remaining public holdings, including media and infrastructure, were privatized, making Kalistan an entirely private economy. But after 3000, the Dual Economy became the primary feature of Kalistan's Economy, with the Government engaging in large scale Public Sector growth for the purpose of providing public goods (and following the development of the National Service Act in the 35th Century, regulating the labor market), while encouraging and regulating a robust private sector which focused on providing consumer goods.
Kalistan's unemployment ranges anywhere from 3.7% in Neveras, where there is a strong public sector investment in Mining and resource extraction, to 9.98% in Ananto, which is due largely to the seasonal nature of Agriculture, deliberately low workforce participation among those who claim nobility and live on pensions, and the more advanced, automated, and productive private services sector which dominates Ananto's economy. Nonetheless, the country as a whole is quite wealthy, and due to the strong Dual Economy in Kalistan, the wealth is distributed more evenly across the society in Kalistan than it is in other nations. The mean wealth disparity across Kalistan is a merely 27%, making Kalistan one of the most equal nations, in terms of wealth distribution, in Terra. Much of this wealth is based on Kalistan's robust Drug, Petroleum and Iron and Steel export industries, whose prices are supported by heavy government subsidies.
The Kalistani unit of currency is the Kalistani Ruble.
Agriculture is based in mainland Kalistan.
Kalistani tourism focuses on the country's historic locations.
Kalistan has a well maintained system of freeways (limited access highways) throughout both Ananto and the Mainland, which are maintained and funded by the federal government. Highways in the Ananto system are given a A# classification, while highways on the mainland are given a K# classification. The federal government also maintains a network of local highways, given a B# classification, while states maintain smaller highways (C#), and districts maintain important local roads (D#). In the case of A, K, and B highways, numbering is ordered with all north-south highways being odd numbered and increasing from east to west, while east-west highways are even numbered, and increase the farther south they are.
Kalistan also maintains a free, publically funded rail system throughout both parts of the country, which operates on privately owned track, often in competition with private rail services.
There is no ground transportation connection between Ananto and the rest of Kalistan, so there is a large industry of sea transportation services between them. Following the National Ferry Service bill (February 4054), there is now a publicly maintained ferry service between Ananto and Kalistan in addition to the many private services which operate.
Kalistan is one of the most technologically advanced nations in Terra, notably in astronomy, electronics, and biotechnology. There are numerous cases throughout Kalistani history of cloning, brains-in-jars, brains-copied-into-computers, etc. More notably, Kalistan was responsible for the first space program focusing on landing on a moon, and as a result the discovery of both of Terra's moons, Luna Viridia and Luna Alba. Kalistan was also home to one of the first computers in the early 20th century.
The largest ethnic group in Kalistan is the Kalistani people.
Kalistan has a rich cultural history.
Kalistani art is a fusion of diverse styles and is often experimental.
Owing to the vast array of influences present in Kalistani culture as a whole, all kinds of different music can be found in parts of the country. In modern times, though, it has been ska music which has dominated the domestic charts and popular culture. The GanJam festival is one of the largest of its type in Terra.
The cuisine in Kalistan is influenced by the traditional crops grown in the country.
Demolition Derby was the national sport in Kalistan for most of the country's history.
Names in Kalistan can be made up of any form of the names from the cultures listed above. They have high and low forms. The high form of the name has a hyphenated first name, a middle name, and a hyphenated last name. For example, John-Kumar Ivan LeBlanc-Rodriguez
The low form of the same name uses the first part of the first name and the first part of the last name, so the same person using the low form of his name would be John LeBlanc
If a middle name is used as well in the low form it would be the middle name from the high form, not the second half of the hyphenated name, John Ivan LeBlanc
Many in Kalistan tend to use only low form names these days. High forms are used by Kalistani traditionalists, and some consider them pretentious. The exception is a hypenated last name with Ananto as the second part. In this case the full last name is a non-divisible whole as "-Ananto" is considered a mark of (normally self-claimed) nobility. For example: Marisol-Topaz Elizabetta Bjornsdattir-Ananto in low form would be Marisol Bjornsdattir-Ananto
There are other noble last names such as Dulnar-Freiheit and Reynolds-Ananto which also follow this pattern, as can -Reynolds. Other names affect the hyphenation found in names of nobility and therefore follow the same rules, though they are symbolic of political dynasties and make no actual claim to nobility. See, for example: -Bennots and -Carrangus
|History||Jorge I of Ananto - Ananto War - Kalistan/Gaduridos War - Crisis of 2342 - Reynoldia Crisis|
|Geography|| Ananto - Neveras - Suldanor - Odufaray - Vrassa - Maps
|Politics||Government - National Assembly - Political parties - President - Ethical Socialism - Introduction - Constitutional Court|
|Demographics||Ethnic Groups: Kalistani - Mu-Tze - Anantonese|
Religion: Society of Brethren - Akalism - Bishopal Church
|Culture||Languages - Captain Kalistan - Floob - House Ananto|
|Economy||Big Three - Corporations - Divestment - Ruble - Treacle|
|Nations of Seleya|
|Sovereign states||Aldegar - Alduria - Baltusia - Gaduridos - Indrala - Kalistan - Kanjor - Likatonia - Lodamun - Mordusia - Rildanor - Saridan - Tukarali - Valruzia|