Seal of the Prime Minister of the Republic
His Excellency, the Prime Minister of the Republic
Averagely 4 years, unless early election called
Minister of Internal Affairs
Until 4490, the head of government had traditionally the title of President of the Council of Ministers (Istalian: Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri), generally shortened to President of the Council (Presidente del Consiglio), which was the title of the Head of Government for most part of the republican history of Istalia.
The Prime Minister proposes a list of ministers to the President of the Republic. Decrees and decisions of the Prime Minister, like almost all executive decisions, are subject to the oversight of the administrative court system. All Prime Ministers defend the programs of their ministry, and make budgetary choices. The extent to which those decisions lie with the Prime Minister or President depends upon whether they are of the same party or parties coalition.
The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of the Republic. The President can choose whomever they want. While Prime Ministers are usually chosen from amongst the ranks of the Chamber of Deputies, on rare occasions the President has selected a non-officeholder because of their experience in bureaucracy or foreign service, or their success in business management.
The President appoints a new Prime Minister after each general election and because the Chamber of Deputies shall confirme its confidence and has the power to force the resignation of the government, the choice of President must reflect the will of the majority in the Chamber.
According to the Constitution the Prime Minister shall direct and coordinate the actions of the Government and shall determine and conduct the policy of the Nation. The other members of Government are appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. In practice, however, the Prime Minister acts on the impulse of the President to whom he is a subordinate, except when there is a cohabitation in which case his responsibilities are akin to those of a classic prime minister in a parliamentary system.
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Before he is allowed to dissolve the Parliament, the President of the Republic has to consult the Prime Minister and the Presidents of both Houses of Parliament.
Given the semi-presidential form of the current Istalian Republic, the cohabitation is the situation when the President is forced to work with a Prime Minister who is expression of a party or coalition opponent or however not expression of the same party or coalition to which belong the President of the Republic.
In fact, if the party or the coalition which support the President of the Republic has gained the majority into the Chamber of Deputies after the elections, the President of the Republic can present a Government expression of his own party or coalition and in this case he will lead the Government acting as Head of the State but sharing with the Prime Minister the executive power, with the Prime Minister which will act more as a coordinator of the Ministers and of the work of the Council.
But in case the majority party or coalition in the Chamber of Deputies is not the same which supported the elected President, the President of the Republic shall present a cabinet expression of this majority and he will act more as a cerimonial Head of the State while the executive power will owned almost exclusively by the Prime Minister.
However, given the power recognized to the President of the Republic by the Constituion, he maintains the role of Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and continues to influence and determine the foreign policy of the Nation.
Despite the current position of the Prime Minister, during most part of its history the Istalian Republic has been a parliamentary system and so the head of Government was the highest political institutional position and the effective holder of executive power while the President of Republic acted as ceremonial head of the State.
During the Istalian institutional history, however, the form of government of the nation changed several times and experimented also periods under presidential systems under which the position of prime minister was abolished.
List of Presidents of the Council and Prime Minister of the RepublicEdit
The official residence and office of the Prime Minister is Antinori Palace (istalian: Palazzo Antinori), located in the historic center of Romula not far from Quattroregni Palace, the seat of the Presidency. The building is used as residence and workplace of the istalian prime ministers since the foundation of the first istalian democratic regime, the Quanzarian Republic, the provisional governments which preceeded the first Istalian Republic.
In the past, especially under the parliamentary regimes, the Palace was considered has the veritable heart of the istalian politics and the fulcrum of the istalian government. The previous semi-presidential or presidential regimes didn't survived long enough to make rise in prominence the Presidential Palace but with the more than successful Semi-Presidential reform of 4132, in more than two centuries Quattroregni Palace, seat of the Presidency, replaced definitively Antinori Palace as fulcrum of the Istalian Government.
The Seal of the Prime Minister, like the ones of the President of the Republic and of the Parliament, consists of a blue oval whose main axis is horizontal and in which are shown, in order from the top to bottom: a stylized image of the building which houses the institution, the official name of the institution and finally the Emblem of the Republic; in this case there is the image of the facade of Antinori Palace under which there is the inscription in Istalian "Prime Minister of the Istalian Republic".